Europe's first exascale supercomputer, JUPITER, utilizes AMD technology

JUPITER, the European Union’s ‘All-AMD’ post-exascale supercomputer, promises to access about a trillion operations per second

The EuroHPC Joint Unit Initiative recently authorized in the European Union for the deployment of LUMI, the continent’s first pre-exascale system that will integrate AMD’s next-gen technology. This initiative and the involvement with AMD will enable the design of a quantum-ready system with carbon negative production and enable the world to move closer to post-exascale computing in the European Union.

J├╝lich’s Supercomputing Center in Germany will be the installation house for JUPITER, with more than $522 million to spend on installation, hardware and infrastructure, with the European Union funding the costs. The expected completion and full operation time will be in 2024, when the system will begin processing more than a trillion operations per second.

JUPITER allows researchers to study climate modeling, materials engineering, sustainable energy production and biological simulations using the latest accelerated artificial intelligence. Due to the high workload, incredibly taxing calculations and only memory, that is why the EU is investing a large number of financial resources in the supercomputer.

The organizations involved have not officially stated that the hardware used to be the backbone of the JUPITER supercomputer. The press release for JUPITER states that GPU-based accelerators will be significant to the processing power of the system. Taking advantage of star-based architecture in the LUMI system, JUPITER will also house various supercomputing modules to handle GPU visualization and use a universal CPU-based accelerator and powerful GPU clusters. Also included in the system are a quantum computing node and temperature-based storage clusters to properly maintain heat levels. It has also been reported that JUPITER will use rare computational models containing a fully dedicated neuromorphic computing node.

JUPITER will have a power consumption of 15 MW, 22% less than the world’s top supercomputer, Frontier, which consumes an average of 19 MW. Compared to the Arm-based Fugaku in Japan, JUPITER reduces it to 50% less than the previous top supercomputer from 2020.

AMD will have the upper hand with this new venture to rival Intel. Intel has contracts with only five out of ten supercomputing rigs, with AMD having ten out of twenty rigs that use the company’s hardware for their supercomputers. However, Intel recently announced the Silicon Junction initiative, which will invest $80 billion in research, development and manufacturing of next-generation semiconductors in the European Union.

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